The need for innovative financing and the desire of public entities to shift the risk for both design and construction to one party led to the passing of Federal TEA-21 provisions allowing the use of innovative contracting methods on highway construction projects. Similar legislation has been passed by some states, such as Virginia, which implemented the Public Private Transportation Act (“PPTA”) and the Public Private Educational Facilities Infrastructure Act (“PPEA”). We have spoken extensively on innovative contracting issues for highway and construction industry groups, and have also provided assistance to clients in all phases of the solicitation and contracting processes on public-private partnership projects ranging from $15 Million to $1.2 Billion.